EASTERN EUROPEAN HISTORY REVIEW, n. 1 2018
p. 4 Introduzione/Introduction
p. 9 Gaetano Platania
UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DELLA TUSCIA (VT)
IL SOGGIORNO ROMANO DI MARIA CASIMIRA SOBIESKA
The Roman exile of the widow of Jan III Sobieski is analyzed by highlighting the social and political dynamics that saw her as the protagonist, in the company of the restless sons Alessandro and Costantino who had almost immediately reached it in the eternal city. The article analyzes, with unpublished sources and documents, the journey taken by the woman from Poland to Rome, focusing on the years spent in the Holy City in the company of the beloved children until the decision to return to France his native homeland.
Keywords: Rome, Jan III Sobieski, Maria Kazimiera, Holy See, Poland
p.17 Henryk Litwin
UNIVERSITY OF WARSAW
LA REPUBBLICA DI POLONIA NELLA POLITICA EUROPEA DI ROMA NEI PRIMI ANNI DEL XVII SECOLO ATTRAVERSO L’OPERA DEI NUNZI PONTIFICI (1599-1621).
Poland played a decisive role in the politics of the Holy See: given its geographical position, it was a real Antemurale Christianitatis against the Turkish infidels, the Orthodox Muscovites, and the Swedish Protestants. For this reason, Rome paid great attention to the events of the Sarmatian country: to watch over the Rzeczpospolita, Papal Nuncios departed from the papal capital, who from Warsaw regularly talked about what happened, playing a major role in the country’s politics. The essay intends to retrace the events of the papal nuncios sent to the Polish court during a precise chronological period between 1599 and 1621, difficult years for both Poland and the Holy See to grips with the rampant Protestant.
Keywords: Holy See, Nuncios, Rzeczpospolita, Antemurale, Diplomacy
p. 35 Matteo Sanfilippo
UNIVERSITÀ DELLA TUSCIA
L’EUROPA CENTRO-ORIENTALE ATTRAVESRO LO SGUARDO ATTENTO DI PROPAGANDA FIDE E DEI SUOI SEGRETARI: INGOLI, CERRI, FORTEGUERRI.
The essay retraces the events of Propaganda Fide, an institution founded in 1622, related to Eastern Europe. From Ingoli, to Cerri, up to Forteguerri, the article illustrates the importance for the Congregation of a territory, that of central-eastern Europe, borderline between different confessions and religions. The numerous archival references are an agile guide for moving within the papers relating to Eastern Europe preserved in the Archives of the Congregation de Propaganda Fide.
Keywords: Propaganda Fide, Holy See, Central-eastern Europe, Archives
p. 45 Péter Sàrközy
UNIVERSITÀ “LA SAPIENZA” – ROMA
IL RUOLO “ILLUMINATO” DEL CATTOLICESIMO NELL’UGNHERIA DOPO LA LIBERAZIONE DI BUDA (1686)
Following the Vienna siege of l683, the Holy League was established to definitively expel the Turk from Central Europe. In l686 Buda was liberated and at the end of the century all of Hungary, including Transylvania. After the independence wars of the “kuruc” led by Prince Ferenc Rakovici II and after the peace of Szatmàr (l7ll) which sanctioned the compromise between the Habsburgs and the Hungarian nobility, the first half of the new century was marked by the material reconstruction, social and cultural of the country. This material and cultural reconstruction of Hungary was determined by the great social activity of the Hungarian Catholic Church in close connection with the aristocracy and the Hungarian nobility under the sign of the winning Counter-Reformation. The essay recounts the great effort made by the Catholic Church to give social, religious and cultural unity to a country where the myth of the great and glorious past of Christian strength was resisting but which clashed with more than a century of Ottoman domination.
Keywords: Hungary, Ottoman, Counter-Reformation, Protestant Reformation
p. 51 Francesca De Caprio
UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DELLA TUSCIA (VT)
LUDOVICA MARIA GONZAGA NEVERS, NUOVA REGINA DI POLONIA, IN VIAGGIO VERSO VARSAVIA (1645-1646)
In 1645 Maria Ludwika Gonzaga Nevers married Ladisław IV Wasa by proxy in France. The event, a happy outcome of careful marriage policy, geopolitically united France to Poland, bringing in the country of European Sarmati a queen who would rule on the Rzeczpospolita until 1667. The essay presents the events related to the journey with which Maria Ludovika went to her new homeland: The essay presents the events related to the journey with which Maria Ludovica went to her new homeland: an attention to the rules of ceremonial and label, typical of the time, combined with unpublished sources, is the guideline of this research work.
Keywords: Poland, France, Travel, Diplomacy, Marriage
p. 57 Cesare La Mantia
UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI TRIESTE
LIMITAZIONI DI SOVRANITÀ E COMPROMESSI NEL PERIODO ANTECEDENTE LE GUERRE BALCANICHE
Predicting the outbreak of war is a very difficult task since there are many variants that interact in the creation of the phenomenon. It is perhaps less difficult to identify lines of continuity, of constants over time, of the deep forces, whose presence and action in a given period of time signal the possibility of the existence of conditions, of crisis factors, for which a conflict it could burst. The element of continuity, the most constant in the Balkans, seems to be the lack of stability in the area. this article analyzes some fundamental constants that have characterized the inability of the entire Balkan area throughout the modern age, demonstrating how those same elements are the same that characterized and characterize the history of that particular area of Europe.
Keywords: War, Balkans, East Europe.
p. 61 Alessandro Boccolini
UNIVERSITÀ DELLA TUSCIA (VT)
ITALIANI AL SERVIZIO DEI WASA: LA “MISSIONE STRAORDINARIA” DI GIROLAMO PINOCCI DURANTE IL POTOP (1658-1659)
In 1658, during the potop szwedzki – a very critical period for the Rzeczpospolita due the Swedish invasion – Jan Kazimierz Wasa decided to send the Lucchese Girolamo Pinocci to the United Provinces and England as extraordinary ambassador, in order to discuss with their governments the possibility to create an anti-Swedish coalition with Poland, Brandenburg and the Empire. About his diplomatic experience, Pinocci left us a manuscript, nowadays kept in the Archive of Cracow. The essay aims to analyze this document by referring to the geopolitical dynamics and logic which link the polish potop to the First Northern War.
Keywords: Deluge, Diplomacy, Poland-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Ambassery.